Before we understand what Vuex is and why it exist, we need to know what component composition is.

Components are like functions -- in fact, they are functions. Programming is solving problems by composing smaller functions. Components alike. The question becomes -- how do we pass in arguments and how do components interact with its environment. Just like parameters and return values in functions.

In Vue, we make use of props to pass data to components and component events to interact with the surrounding environment.

Table of Contents

    An example of props:

    // ChildComponent
      // declare the props
      props: ['message'],
      created() {
        // Access props value from template
      // bind props value to template
      template: '<div>{{ message }}</div>'
    // Parent Component
      template: `<child-component message="'hello'"></child-component>`,
      components: { ChildComponent }

    The message prop is passed from the parent component down to the child component via a template.

    Now let's see events example. Taking from what we have on the Vue site:

    var ButtonCounter = {
      template: '<button v-on:click="increment">{{ counter }}</button>',
      methods: {
        increment: function () {
    var ParentComponent = {
      el: '#counter-event-example',
      data: {
        total: 0
      methods: {
        incrementTotal: function () {
 += 1
      components: { ButtonCounter }
    <button-counter v-on:increment="incrementTotal"></button-counter>

    When the button is clicked, the ButtonComponent emits an event. The parent component listens to this event and calls incrementTotal method.

    So What is The Problem?

    This is a good approach for moving data around. There is just this issue of components being nested as deep as 3+ levels and coordinating interaction becomes difficult.

    When that's the case, you have to pass down data from component A to B, then B passes to C, and C to D, etc. Likewise, events, D emits to C, C to B, and so on until the component to handle the event is encountered.

    Let's see a better way to tackle this situation.

    Chris Nwamba

    95 posts

    JavaScript Preacher. Building the web with the JS community.